A sump pump plays a pivotal role in every home’s drainage system. In fact, the effectiveness of drainage systems is dependent on the smooth operation of the pump. A quality pump is truly the heart of any water management system. It has been estimated that 90 to 95 percent of all basements will experience a problem with water penetration that something as simple as a sump pump, grading, and gutters could have prevented. For every inch of rain, the average roof sheds 1000 gallons of water.
Homes that have a center drain in their basement floor can have a plug or check value installed in the drain. Installing a check value allows water from the basement to go out to the storm drain. However, it will not allow water to enter the basement when the storm drains become overwhelmed with snow melt or rain water. Homeowners who have a plug installed in the basement floor should have a sump basin, pump, and a discharge line installed to remove any water that collects in their drain tile. Having a sump basin and pump will remove the drain tile water without the worry of overwhelmed storm drain water entering the basement.
Homeowners should regularly check the sump pump to assure that it is working properly.
Add water to the sump basin and observe the operation of the sump pump. Listen for the check valve to go on and off without any hesitation or resistance and runs the sump properly. Operate the pump several times to make sure the sump pump also stops pumping whenever the water level is pumped down. The sump basin should always have a lid to help eliminate moisture from the sump basin entering the basement. Vever have your dehumidifier placed next to the sump basin; this causes the dehumidifier to run and run without removing proper moisture. Investing in a basement water alarm for your home can alleviate many concerns. The alarm should be placed next to the sump basin.
- Water test your pump
- Listen to the pump
- Operate the pump several times
For more information on our sump pump installation and maintenance services, check out our Sump Pumps service page today!
Sometimes our job can get a little messy. Take a look at how difficult doing a basement encapsulation can be!
For more information on the process and why it’s a good idea to have an encapsulation done, check out our crawlspace and foundation encapsulation info page.
The rim joist is the space between your basement walls and the sub floor of your home.
The rim joist is above grade, so it makes sense to insulate the rim joist to the same degree as the above grade walls. Stuffing fiberglass insulation between floor joists is a common method of insulating the rim joist in many homes. Because fiberglass insulation doesn’t fit snugly, it is air permeable. Rim joists (Ban Joist) expand and contract with the change of seasons allowing air to enter and exit at will.
Unlike fiberglass, which is only a thermal barrier, spray insulation creates both an air and vapor barrier at the rim joist. Moist air can filter through fiberglass insulation creating condensation at the rim joist, which can lead to mold and mildew problems.
Spray insulation sticks to the rim joist eliminating the condensing surface. Improper insulation at the rim joist can result in high energy bills, air quality issues, and moisture damage. The spray insulation is highly adhesive, so it sticks and stays in place as it expands to fill gaps. Once cured, the spray insulation provides an effective air seal as well as insulation. Because the spray insulation doesn’t allow air to move through it (which diminishes R-value) it always performs at its full rated R-value.
- Reduces heating and cooling costs
- Fills hard to insulate areas
- Does not sag or settle over time
- Protects against moisture
- Adheres to existing structure
For more information on rim joist insulation, take a look at our Rim Joist Insulation page for details and pictures.
There are many early homes built without any drain tile. In the 50’s and 60’s basement drain tile was made of clay. When sentiment and tree roots clog this type of tile it usually cannot be cleaned as it breaks very easily. Later, the use of black corrugated flex pipe was used. This type becomes plugged solid over time. When plugged, it is also hard to clean (or impossible to clean) as it punctures easily. In these instances the homeowner would need to have the drain tile replaced.
When drain tile becomes clogged and can no longer accept water from the walls or under the floor properly, water will collect on the basement floor. The water will be coming in on the floor where the basement wall(s) and floor meet; usually, this will begin in the corner that is the furthest from your sump basin.
Waters Basement Services would need to replace the drain tile with a white perforated drain tile to collect the wall and floor water into the sump basin and then be pumped out of the basement. Clean out would be installed in the drain tile to enable the drain tile to be cleaned. Drain tile should be cleaned at least once a year; or more often depending on your soil type. With the clean-outs the homeowner can clean their drain tile with a garden hose or have Waters Basement Services perform this service. Also as important is proper grading along the foundation and gutter downspout placement. You always want water to shed away from your home. Waters Basement Services will re-grade around a homeowner’s foundation and install Lawn Scape (Bubbler Pot) on gutters to keep water from collecting around the foundation.
Drain tile is the most important ingredient in effective basement waterproofing. In order to operate properly, your drain tile needs to be free of debris that can build up over time. Basement floor drains work the same. They need to free of debris and be able to flow out into the storm drain. When the storm drain becomes overwhelmed with storm water, this water will pour into your basement. You can plug the floor drain, which prevents water from entering your basement when storm sewers become overwhelmed and cannot take water out.
As you can see, drain cleaning and basement waterproofing go hand-in-hand. By keeping your drain tile, basement floor drain, and sewer main properly cleaned and free of clogs and obstruction, you can make a flooding emergency much less likely; even during heavy rains.
For more information on cleaning drain tile systems, take a look at our services page.